Depending upon the severity of your symptoms, several management options are available. Your
will discuss these options with you before deciding on any one method.
- MEDICAL MANAGEMENT
These are suitable only for mild symptoms and when the degree of obstruction is not severe. These medications have to be taken on a long-term basis, and have a proven benefit in well selected patients. Depending upon the drug used, you may experience minor side effects.
Drugs such as 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors are supposed to act by reducing the size of the enlarged prostate over a long period of time. These however are not suitable for all types of prostates, and give relief for prostate sizes of over 30 gm.
Other drugs such as alpha-blockers, relax the smooth muscle component in the region of the prostate and partially open up the passage. These give only symptomatic relief.
- SURGICAL MANAGEMENT
Currently the best method of treatment. The gold standard among various surgical options is the transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). This is done by passing an endoscope through the urinary passage (urethra) and the inner core of the gland is removed, widening the passage.