Times Health Critical Care Survey - NU Hospitals ranked 1st for City , 2nd for Regional and 3rd for National in the field of Urology. Times Health Critical Care Survey - NU Hospitals ranked 6th for City in the field of Nephrology

Overview of Kidney Cancer

The kidneys are our body's filtration system, constantly working to remove waste and toxins from our blood. Unfortunately, sometimes, abnormal cell growth can occur within these vital organs, leading to kidney cancer.

While lumps of some cell growth are not harmful, hence non-cancerous, called benign kidney tumour /cancer. And some are harmful or cancer-causing, called malignant kidney tumors.

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, is a type of cancer that originates in the lining of the small tubes within the kidneys. These tubes are responsible for filtering waste products from the blood and producing urine. While several types of kidney cancer exist, renal cell carcinoma is the most common.

Causes and Risk Factors:

The exact cause of kidney cancer remains unknown, but certain factors increase the risk of developing it:

ø Smoking: Smokers are two to three times more likely to develop kidney cancer than non-smokers.
ø Obesity: If your body is on the heavier side, know that excess weight is linked to an increased risk of various cancers, including kidney cancer.
ø High blood pressure: Chronically elevated blood pressure can damage the kidneys and contribute to cancer development.
ø Family history: Having a family member with kidney cancer increases your risk slightly.
ø Certain medications: Long-term use of pain relievers like ibuprofen or naproxen may increase the risk.
ø Environmental factors: Exposure to certain chemicals like asbestos or trichloroethylene may play a role.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Cancer:

Early-stage kidney cancer often presents with no noticeable symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses, individuals may experience:

Stages of Kidney Cancer:

Kidney doctors use a staging system to determine the extent of cancer spread, guiding treatment decisions. The four main stages are:
stage I: Confined to the kidney
stage II: Extended beyond the kidney but within the surrounding tissue
stage III : Spread to lymph nodes or blood vessels outside the kidney
stage IV: Spread to distant organs like lungs, liver, or bones

Treatment options for Kidney Cancer:

Depending on the stage and location of the cancer, various surgical approaches may be considered:

Before Surgery:

Preparation for surgery involves pre-operative assessments, anesthesia discussions, and potential blood product transfusions.

After Surgery Care and Recovery:

Following surgery, regular follow-up appointments are crucial to monitor cancer recurrence and manage any side effects. Recovery time varies depending on the type and extent of surgery. Most individuals can resume routine activities within a few weeks, although complete healing may take several months.

FAQs on kidney cancer:

At NU Hospitals, we encourage early detection as it helps in formulating a personalized treatment plan as kidney tumours manifest differently in different individuals.

Visit our website to book an appointment with us or walk in at our Bangalore hospital or any other branch suitable for you.

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