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surgery for prostate


TURP is usually done to ease symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. It’s the surgical removal of part of the prostate gland and is by far the most common surgical procedure used for benign prostate disease.

What IS TURP Right Arrow

TURP is a procedure to resect the prostate which may be enlarged in a condition called benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), commonly found in elderly men.The prostate is a small, chestnut shaped gland composed of different lobes enclosed in a fibrous capsule. Located in front of the rectum and just below the bladder, the prostate also surrounds the urethra, the canal through which urine is passed out of the body.

How is BPH Diagnosed? Right Arrow

It is usually diagnosed by a combination of some of the following methods:

  • Digital rectal examination
  • Measurement of the urine flow using a flow-meter (uroflowmetry)
  • Ultrasound of the urinary tract to measure post-void residual urine, prostate size, bladder wall thickness and to look for any swelling of the kidneys (hydroureteronephrosis)
What happens during TURP? Right Arrow

An endoscope is inserted through the penis, and the portion of the gland is removed, relieving the compression on the urethra. This may be linked to removing the inside of an orange while leaving the skin intact. The operation time varies from half an hour to two hours, with no incision on the skin. The amount of prostate removed during TURP is less than that reported on ultrasound, as the latter always overestimates.

Will I experience pain during surgery? Right Arrow

TURP is performed using spinal anesthesia or general (whole body) anesthesia, in which the anesthesia is given by injection, inhalation or both to induce a loss of sensation and consciousness. Hospital stay for TURP is usually two to four days, depending on associated medical factors.

What happens after the operation? Right Arrow

At the end of the surgery, a urethral catheter is placed to drain urine from the bladder into a collection bag. Urine is drained this way for a few days allowing the surgical wound to heal undisturbed. In some instances, your bladder may be irrigated (flushed with water) via the catheter to keep it clean.Once irrigation has stopped, you may notice that your urine is a little red. Don’t be alarmed as some bleeding is normal. It should clear up by the time you are discharged from the hospital.

Is TURP safe? Right Arrow

No operation is completely risk-free, but TURP is generally safe and effective. Some possible complications could include urinary tract infection - 4%, bleeding requiring transfusion - 1%, urethral stricture - 7%, bladder neck contractures - 4% and retrograde ejaculation - 25-95%. Do speak to your surgeon if you need more details.

Taking care of yourself after the surgery? Right Arrow
  • Following TURP, you will not experience too much discomfort. You should avoid lifting heavy objects or strenuous exercise for three to four weeks after surgery.
  • Many patients notice a pinkish tinge to the urine immediately following the operation. Check with your doctor if the blood seems excessive. You may also experience a burning sensation when urinating for a few days.
  • During the fortnight or so after surgery, blood may reappear in the urine for a short time. If this occurs, drink plenty of water and limit activity. But do not exceed two liters of water a day. Try not to drink before you go to bed, or you may be awakened by a full bladder otherwise.
  • It is advisable to refrain from sex for a month or so. Do continue your annual prostate examination as prostate cancer can still appear from the remnant in the capsule.
  • There are usually no specific dietary restrictions. However, you should take lots of high fiber diet and fruit to ensure smooth bowel movement, without straining.
  • The regular TURP that is described so far is technically called monopolar TURP. If we use bipolar generator, then it is called bipolar TURP. The latter has advantage in that we used isotonic saline and lesser chances of developing electrolyte disturbance like TUR syndrome.
  • Again there are newer methods of enucleating the prostate compared to conventional resection of prostate

NU Hospitals has been pioneering in Nephrology, Urology and Fertility (IVF) treatment over the last 20 years. Our highly specialised experts are richly experienced in treating rare and complex conditions. It was one of the first in Karnataka to conduct a successful kidney transplantation surgery and also the first to equip Urology department with the most advanced flexible endoscopes. Having a robust team of subspecialty specific urology team at NU has significantly improved the overall success rates. Men’s Health Clinic is one of its kind in South-India dealing with Men’s Sexual and Reproductive Health. Our Male and Female Fertility (IVF) specialists comprehensively support the couples with the latest treatment and heartfelt compassion every step along the path to parenthood. At NU, every aspect of healthcare is coordinated and the entire team works together to provide exactly the care one needs. We are constantly updating the policies and collaborations to ensure that people in need are getting access to the most cutting-edge care and treatment.

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