General Nephrology deals with the treatment and management of Nephrotic syndrome, acute nephritic syndrome, acute renal failure, and chronic renal failure. Being a tertiary care center, all types of acute renal failure are encountered. Diabetic Nephropathy is the most commonly encountered chronic kidney disease.

Given below are the descriptions of the conditions treated:

  • Nephrotic Syndrome:

    Is a condition where a patient develops swelling of the legs and face and is found to have severe protein excretion in the urine. A kidney biopsy is required in adults to know the cause of this condition.

  • Acute Nephritic Syndrome:

    Is a condition commonly affecting children? Usually in this condition, following a sore throat or a skin infection, the child develops red urine (due to blood in the urine), swelling of the face and legs, and increase in blood pressure. It is usually a self-limiting process that clears up by itself in a few days to a few weeks time

  • Acute Renal Failure:

    Is a potentially reversible cause of kidney failure. Common causes are dehydration due to loose motion and vomiting, infections, certain drugs, snakebite and blockage to the passage of urine

  • Chronic Renal Failure:

    Is irreversible kidney failure. The causes for chronic renal failure are diabetes mellitus (the most common cause), hypertension, long-term usage of painkillers, certain genetic diseases, recurrent urinary tract infections (especially in children), and certain other primary kidney diseases

  • For further information click the link: Chronic Kidney Disease